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About the Conference

Indian agriculture is facing the two most crucial challenges today. If the shrinking resources of land and water are one, the other more serious concern is the availability of human resources. The future of agriculture is dependent on penetration of scale-neutral technologies. The trend has already begun in some ways, with those who remain in farming turning to newer methods of optimizing the output on their farms, including adopting newer technologies to save cost and time. The use of tractors and tillers increasing five-fold in the last four decades is a testimony to this fact.

Although India is the largest manufacturer of tractors in the world, accounting for one-third of the global production, farm mechanization in India is still at a nascent stage, with the average farm power availability in the country lower than in countries such as Korea, Japan and the US. Its focus is on increasing the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers and to the regions where availability of farm power is low.

Agricultural mechanization helps in increasing production, productivity and profitability in agriculture by achieving timeliness in farm operations, bringing precision in metering and placement of inputs, reducing available input losses, increasing utilization efficiency of costly inputs (seed, chemical, fertilizer, irrigation, water etc.), reducing unit cost of produce, enhancing profitability and competitiveness in the cost of operation. The industry will call for greater engineering inputs which will require development and introduction of high capacity, precision, reliable and energy efficient equipment.

Earlier, it was considered that mechanization creates unemployment. The myth has been broken and it has been observed that, agricultural mechanization besides increasing production and productivity also generates income and employment opportunities. Several studies conducted in different parts of India have shown that mechanization has helped in increasing production, productivity, generation of income and employment.

It is now well recognized that increase in agricultural production would have to come mainly from enhancement in farm productivity in the existing cultivated area. We can only grow more food from less land, using fewer resources, by providing farmers with the innovation and the knowledge to use natural resources more efficiently.
The design of agricultural machinery must evolve in parallel with the roll out of Sustainable Crop Production Intensification. That means fewer chemicals, more efficient use of water, and more efficient use of machines. Farm machinery needs to be intelligent, lean, precise and efficient in order to minimize the impact on the soil and the landscape. The agricultural machinery industry must align their R& D efforts to suit smallholder farmers with equipment designs and models that better suit the needs of smallholder farmers and service providers.

It is hence that we have conceived this conference with a Research and Development in farm engineering and equipment in mind and focusing on addressing new concerns includes methods of agricultural, farm equipments & machinery, and the preservation of natural resources and landscape by applying modern engineering concepts.

 
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